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Differential diagnoses of bladder cancer

Most symptoms from the urinary tract are caused by benign conditions. There are no specific cancer symptoms.

Patients with macroscopic hematuria without other symptoms are tested for malignant tumors, but this may also be due to:

  • bleeding from vessels in the prostate from benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH)
  • renal pelvic calculi
  • bladder calculi
  • kidney cancer with infiltration to renal pelvis
  • microhematuria from chronic kidney/urinary tract infections

Problems urinating are common from:

  • cystourethritis - many of these symptoms can occur from BPH
  • hormone-related dysuria in women during/after menopause

 

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