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Prognosis of colon and rectum cancer

In 2014, there were an estimated 1,317,247 people living with colon and rectum cancer in the United States.The earlier colon and rectum cancer is caught, the better chance a person has of surviving five years after being diagnosed. 39.4% are diagnosed at the local stage and the 5-year survival for localized colon and rectum cancer is 90.1%. The number of colon and rectum cancer deaths is highest among people aged 75-84. Colon and rectum cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Death rates have been falling on average 2.7% each year over 2004-2013. (18)

Around half of the local relapses occur within 2 years and 2/3 within 3 years after surgery. Relapses after 5 years is very seldom, but may appear after preoperative irradiation.

Most relapses appear as distant metastases. Local relapses are found in around 5%.  

 

Five-year relative survival of patients with cancer in the rectum and colon, in percent during the diagnosis period 1974–2013.

Source: Cancer Registry of Norway

 

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