When the patient is ready to carry out stoma changes, the situation should be as close to their home situation as possible. The patient can choose to sit or stand and it is recommended to carry out the change in front of a sink with running, temperate water. It is helpful to have extra room for equipment within reach.
A bag for waste is attached to the trouser waistband to catch bowel content when the disc and pouch are removed.
It may be appropriate to shave the area where the stoma disc will be attached for better adherence.
Challenges regarding odor are greatest immediately following surgery. It is therefore recommended to change the bag in a well-ventilated room and/or to use a fan.