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Scalp Cooling Treatment

Implementation

  • The patient sits in a chair or lies in a bed 45 minutes before the chemotherapy infusion starts. 
  • The strap from the cap should be fastened under the chin - the patient may do this to make sure it is comfortably tight.
  • Make sure the cap fit snugly to the scalp, especially on the upper part of the head.
  • Tighten the straps on the cap - this is critical for maximal effect.
  • Place compresses between the chin and chin strap.
  • Protect the patient's ears and forehead with compresses if the patient feels that they become too cold. A towel can be placed around the neck.
  • Turn off the pump on the machine and connect the cap. 
  • Turn on the pump again and check that the cooling fluid is circulating and the cap becomes cold.
  • Ensure the patient is as comfortable as possible.
  • The patient usually experiences the first 10-15 minutes as the coldest but adapts to the temperature.
  • The patient sits/lies with the cap on for 30-45 minutes before the chemotherapy infusion starts depending on the type of chemotherapy. 
  • The chemotherapy infusion is connected to the patient.
  • The patient sits with the cap on during the entire infusion. If the patient needs to visit the toilet, the pump is turned off and the cap is disconnected. The patient must keep the cap on while using the toilet.
  • The patient sits with the cap for 1-2 hours after the infusion is completed depending on the type of chemotherapy. 
  • When the treatment is finished, the pump is turned off.
  • Remove the cap, compresses, and paper cap.
  • The machine is turned off and the cap is disconnected from the machine.
  • The cap should be washed in warm soap water and dried.

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