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Laryngeal cancer

Squamous epithelial carcinoma is the main type of laryngeal cancer, which can develop either from atypical epithelium or independent of epithelial changes. 

The larynx includes the:

  • supraglottis
  • glottis (vocal cord) 
  • subglottis

Treatment for laryngeal cancer and the changes that follow have great consequences for patient's function of speech and nutrition. The extent of changes will depend on the localization and stage of the tumor.  In order to reduce the burdens this may cause, thorough information and follow-up is critical (2).

Incidence

Laryngeal cancer is relatively rare and represents 0.8% of all new cancer cases in the United States. This cancer type is more common with age and is most frequently diagnosed among people aged 55-64. Laryngeal cancer is more common in men than in women.

In 2017, it is estimated to be 13,360 new cases of larynx cancer in the United States (1).

 

Age-specific incidence of laryngeal cancer, 2010–2014.

Source: National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, USA

 

 

Incidence of laryngeal cancer, 1975–2014.

Source: National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD, USA

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