Jan Folkvard Evensen MD
Recently updated 27.03.2012
Oslo University Hospital
Etiology of laryngeal cancer
- Tobacco and alcohol are the most important etiological factors and most likely have a synergistic effect (2).
- Human papilloma virus (HVP) (2).
- Work-related exposure to substances such as nickel (8)
There is no hereditary risk for squamous epithelial carcinoma in the larynx (9).
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