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Metastatic patterns of pharynx cancer

Tumor often grows early into neighboring organs and into bone/cartilage. The extent of spread depends on the anatomical region.  

10–15 % have lymphatic spread at the time of diagnosis.

Distant metastases are relatively rare at the time of diagnosis (± 2 %), but in cases of distant metastasis, the lungs are the most common localization. The presence of distant metastasis makes cure unlikely, but palliative treatment may prolong survival and diminish symptoms.


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