The location of the tumor or lymph nodes in the mediastinum determines whether an endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration from the esophagus (EUS), or bronchus (EBUS-TBNA) is performed. EBUS of mediastinal lymph nodes is a minimally invasive procedure which allows the patient to avoid riskier procedures.
- Enlarged lymph nodes and/or tumor in the mediastinum
- To stage lung cancer or to confirm or disprove spread to the lymph nodes of the mediastinum
- To confirm or disprove suspicion of lung cancer or spread of other cancer in the mediastinum and to confirm the histological type