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Sperm Banking

Medical editor Gustav Lehne MD
Oslo University Hospital


Sperm banking services may apply to patients having a disease or undergoing treatment which reduces or eradicates the patient's fertility. The decision for storage is made by the doctor in charge of the patient in cooperation with the chief physician at the andrology laboratory.

Stored sperm can only be used for assisted fertilization by the patient's spouse or partner in a stable relationship (duration more than 2 years).

The offer for freezing and storing sperm does not guarantee treatment with assisted fertilization. The decision for this is made by the treating doctor according to guidelines and laws for assisted fertilization.

The patient may store up to three samples. The samples should be taken with a few days in between and the patient should not have ejaculated for two days prior to sample collection.


  • Cancer treatment rendering a man infertile.


  • The possibility of having children after treatment is concluded.


  • A urine sample container.
  • A room for the patient to be undisturbed.


  • Inform the patient verbally and in writing.
  • Conform to rules and guidelines.
  • A blood test for HIV and hepatitis to rule out infectious sperm.


  • The sperm sample is collected via masturbation and is collected directly into a urine sample container. A condom should not be used as this contains spermicide.
  • The sample should be allowed to cool and should be delivered to the andrology laboratory in less than one hour after ejaculation.


  • The sperm sample is held in under quarantine until HIV and hepatitis results are available.
  • The sperm can be stored for 10 years and possibly longer if the patient desires.
  • After filling 55 years or death the sperm is destroyed.

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