The primary treatment for skin cancer consists of surgery, radiation therapy, and photodynamic therapy (PDT). The choice of modality depends on the localization, size, and additional illnesses. Freezing/heat therapy is used as indicated by a dermatologist. Chemotherapy is used for palliative purposes.
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment form used for actinic keratoses, basal cell carcinoma, and a few other malignant skin diseases. Traditionally, these types of skin cancer have been treated with surgery, radiation therapy, or freezing with liquid nitrogen. This type of treatment is usually more time-consuming and/or costly, and it may also be more cosmetically disfiguring. Surgery is still the most common type of treatment for skin cancer.
The treatment applied may vary between lesion types and localizations. For difficult conditions, it is necessary to plan for multimodal treatment to obtain the best possible result.