In cases where the diagnosis cannot be determined clinically, an open exploration of the testicle must be performed. If malignant cells are verified by frozen section, a radical orchiectomy should be performed under the same anesthesia.
The procedure may be performed under general or epidural anesthesia. It is very important that frozen sectioning service is available in the surgical theater.
- To determine whether clinical changes in the testicle are malignant and if so, remove the testicle.
- To diagnose and cure the patient