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Differential diagnoses of the thyroid cancer

The differential diagnostic challenge of nodes in the thyroid is to differentiate between benign and malignant.

Benign nodes

Non-neoplastic nodes:

  • hyperplastic
  • spontaneous
  • compensatorical after partial thyroidectomy


  • Hashimoto's thyroiditis/autoimmune thyroiditis
  • subacute thyroiditis
  • acute bacterial thyroiditis

Benign neoplasias


  • solid
  • cystic

Hyperfunctioning nodules

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