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Prognosis of thyroid cancer

In 2014, there were an estimated 726,646 people living with thyroid cancer in the United States. For thyroid cancer, 67.7% are diagnosed at the local stage and the 5-year survival for localized thyroid cancer is 99.9%. The number of thyroid cancer deaths is highest among people aged 75-84. Death rates have been rising on average 0.7% each year over 2005-2014 (1).

The prognosis is very good, with the exception of anaplastic thyroid carcinomas.

The incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma has a biphasic distribution; there is one peak in children/youth and another for elderly. The prognosis for papillary thyroid carcinoma is good, especially for young adults.



Five-year relative survival for patients with thyroid cancer, in percent, during the diagnosis period 1974–2013.

Source: Cancer Registry of Norway


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