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Radiation therapy of thyroid cancer

Radiation therapy is given predominantly as an intravenous injection of radioactive iodine (131I), on the premise the patient has cancer cells and/or normal thyroid tissue that absorbs iodine.

Radioactive iodine therapy is given alone, usually after surgery, or in combination with external radiation therapy.

External radiation therapy plays a small role in thyroid cancer treatment, except for anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, in which it is an important part of treatment.

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