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Laryngeal cancer

The larynx includes the:
  • supraglottis
  • glottis (vocal cord) 
  • subglottis

Squamous epithelial carcinoma is the main type of laryngeal cancer, which can develop either from atypical epithelium or independent of epithelial changes. 

Treatment for laryngeal cancer and the changes that follow have great consequences for patient's function of speech and nutrition. The extent of changes will depend on the localization and stage of the tumor.  In order to reduce the burdens this may cause, thorough information and follow-up is critical (2).

 

Incidence

Age-specific incidence of laryngeal cancer, 2007–2011.

Source: Cancer Registry of Norway

 

Incidence of laryngeal cancer, 1953–2007.

Source: Cancer Registry of Norway

 

Laryngeal cancer constituted more than 22% of all newly diagnosed head and neck cancers in Norway in 2005 (1). The average age at diagnosis of laryngeal cancer is 64 years. The disease affects more men than women (2).

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